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A root canal is a dental procedure used to treat and save a tooth that is severely decayed or infected. Here's an overview of the root canal procedure:

  • Diagnosis: The dentist begins by examining the tooth and taking X-rays to assess the extent of the damage and determine if a root canal is necessary. Symptoms that may indicate the need for a root canal include severe toothache, sensitivity to hot or cold, swelling, or tenderness in the gums.

  • Anesthesia: Before starting the procedure, the dentist administers local anesthesia to numb the affected tooth and surrounding area. This ensures that the patient remains comfortable throughout the procedure.

  • Access Opening: Once the tooth is numb, the dentist creates an opening in the top of the tooth, known as an access cavity, to reach the pulp chamber and root canals.

  • Cleaning and Shaping: Using small instruments called files, the dentist carefully removes the infected or damaged pulp tissue from the pulp chamber and root canals. The canals are then cleaned, shaped, and disinfected to remove any bacteria and debris.

  • Filling: After the canals are cleaned and shaped, they are filled with a biocompatible material called gutta-percha to seal them and prevent recontamination. The access cavity is then sealed with a temporary or permanent filling material to prevent further infection.

  • Restoration: In some cases, a tooth that has undergone a root canal may require additional restoration, such as a dental crown, to strengthen and protect it from further damage.

  • Follow-up: After the root canal procedure is completed, the patient may experience some mild discomfort or sensitivity, which can usually be managed with over-the-counter pain medication. It's essential to follow any post-operative instructions provided by the dentist and attend any follow-up appointments to ensure proper healing and maintenance of the treated tooth.

Root canal treatment is highly effective in saving infected or damaged teeth and relieving pain and discomfort associated with dental infections. With proper care and maintenance, a tooth that has undergone a root canal can function normally for many years

Root Canal Endodoncia

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